The Talking Toolkit for Facilitating Farmer Groups on the Role of Trees for Adaptationwca2014-1375 Elisabeth Simelton 1,*Bac V. Dam 1Rodel Lasco 2Robert Finlayson 3 1World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF Viet Nam), Ha Noi, Viet Nam, 2World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF Philippines), Los Banos, Philippines, 3World Agroforestry Centre Southeast Asia, Bogor, Indonesia
As agroforestry is gaining ground as a Climate-Smart practice, we discovered that very little scientific evidence was documented on the role of trees for farmers’ coping and adaptation strategies, particularly in Southeast Asia. Furthermore, ‘participatory tools’ for this purpose were missing or needed revamping.
Results from a survey of 660 households in northern and north-central Vietnam show 2/3 of women and 1/3 of men had never heard of ‘climate change’ although they were exposed to multiple hazards on an annual basis. This affected how we worked and talked about adaptation.
Here we present a selection of tools designed to encourage inclusive discussions, which were developed specifically to identify the role of agroforestry and trees as coping strategies during extreme weather events and for identifying adaptation options. Next we present key results from focus-group discussions in 18 villages and how these are used for local land-use planning. The tools are available online as a ‘living’ document for further use by agroforesters.