Determinants of farm households’ agroforestry technology adoption in ethiopia: empirical evidence from selected district
Determinants of farm households’ agroforestry technology adoption in ethiopia: empirical evidence from selected districtwca2014-1056 Abebe Beyene 1,*Alemu Mekonnen 2Randall Bluffstone 3Rahel Deribe 1 1Environmental Economics Policy Forum for Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2Economics, Environmental Economics Policy Forum for Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 3Economics, Portland State University, Portland, United States
As one of the strategies for alleviating the current environmental degradation problem of Ethiopia, the government has been taking different measures. The forest policy approved in 2007 clearly indicates agro-forestry development as one of the strategies designed to foster private forest development and conservation. Despite the efforts made to understand the role and determinants of adoption of such technologies, there are still little empirical evidences on the link between farmers’ behavior and other community level variables and the adoption of various types of agro forestry technologies in Africa in general and Ethiopia in particular. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to analyze and understand why agroforestry technologies are not being taken up by examining factors that influence the adoption of agroforestry practices using data collected from different parts of rural Ethiopia. We employ econometric models to address the objective of the paper. The findings show that different factors do have different effects on the different agro forestry technologies. For example, tenure security is important for the adoption decision of some types of agro forestry technologies. Other factors such as improving the access of distant and more marginal villages to infrastructural facilities such as market and biomass availability seem to affect the decision to adopt both multipurpose and fodder positively and significantly. The paper also discusses the effect of other socioeconomic variables and identifies important measures needed to be taken in order to promote different types of agro forestry technologies in rural Ethiopia. The findings of this research may also provide scientific evidence for other similar countries whose livelihood depends mainly on agriculture and natural resources such as forests.