Can we enhance the productivity of our forests through agroforestry ?


I grew up in a sleepy hamlet of Almora nestled in the lush green hills of middle Himalayas. During my formative years I experienced the beauty of forests in all its shades. Experiencing this I assumed that the state of the forest will be the same everywhere because very often what you see is what you believe. However, I was in for a surprise.

During my teens itself I decided to plunge myself in the field of forestry that both motivated and fascinated me. But to my surprise during the course of my higher education I came across many forest areas which were degraded and had blank undertorey patches infested with exotic weeds, further deteriorating the forest health.

Most of the rural population in the state of Uttarakhand is directly dependent on the forest resources for meeting their day to day basic demands of food, fodder, fuelwood and also herbs of medicinal and aromatic value. But due to the degradation of the natural habitats and overexploitation of medicinal plants there is an urgent need for their conservation.

This got me thinking as to how these seemingly unrelated problems of degraded forests, livelihood dependence of forest dependent communities and conservation of exploited medicinal herbs can yield a single solution. I realised agroforestry was the only option.

Interestingly during Doctoral research I chose the task of improving the productivity of Chir pine (Pinus roxburghii) forest. The situation as it exists today is that the Chir pine forests have very less or no understorey growth. They remain full of needle cover with meagre or no understorey vegetation. The pine needles accumulated on the forest floor are a means of fire hazard.

Keeping in view the dependency for livelihood on the community forests especially Chir pine, it was a challenge to increase the producivity so that some short term economic returns could be achieved for the local forest dependent communities of the Panchayati forests. So, I thought of increasing the productivity of such land by introducing native grasses, medicinal and aromatic herbs that need conservation. The Van Panchayats represent one of the largest and most diverse experiments in common property management ever developed in collaboration with the State. Interestingly, Van Panchayats in India’s hilly state of Uttarakhand present one of the earliest examples anywhere in the world, where government and local people come together for the management of natural resources.

Project study
The project endeavoured to use the underutilized or unutilized land of Chir pine forests by associating seven of the naturally growing medicinal and aromatic herbs to improve the productivity of these forests. The concept of minimum tillage and appropriate topographical aspect was adopted to introduce native grasses and medicinal herbs in the understorey of degraded forests. The former aimed at minimizing disturbance to the forest floor and the latter to suit the appropriate microclimate of the particular herb.

Seven herbs namely Lemon grass (Cymbopogon flexuous), Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum), Akarkara (Spilanthes acmella), Kaunch (Mucuna pruriens), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Kantkari (Solanum khasianum) and Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata) were selected having reviewed their natural habitats and growth conditions. The trial was conducted for two consecutive years and to everyone’s surpise out of seven medicinal plants four medicinal plants namely Akarkara, Kaunch, Kantkari and Kalmegh were found to be economically viable due to better yield and healthy financial returns. Spilanthes acmella, Mucuna pruriens and Solanum khasianum produced maximum yield when grown on northern aspect with net returns of Rs. 34,639, 15,567 and 2879 respectively per hectare in a growing season of four to six months depending on the species. While Andrographis paniculata gave highest yield with net returns of Rs. 5833 per hectare when grown on western aspect. Thus a Chir pine based innovative Silvi-medicinal system was introduced in the Indian Himalayan Region.

Future prospect
The outcome of the research has the potential to utilize the understorey of Chir pine forests, which occupy 3943 km2 area in Uttarakhand (16.15% of the total forest area) and other Himalayan states. It can also generate a source of income for the poor forest dwellers besides the intangible benefits like soil, water and biodiversity conservation of the area.

The implementation of the project will result in livelihood security of forest dependent community, first in terms of employment dealing with all the operation from planting to the collection of minor forest produce and secondly in the sale of the sustainable harvest of these produce. The impact of the project will involve the reduced pressure upon the natural forests, from where unscientific extraction and exploitation of such medicinal plants are continued. Besides, the frequent fire hazards in Chir pine forest can be minimized due to the decomposition and non accumulation of the pine needles in the forest floor.

Policy issues
Agroforestry has always been accepted as a land use system applicable both in farm as well as forest. In mountainous states most of the land is covered with forest, including government reserve forest, civil and soyam forest or panchyati, community or private lands. There is a need of utilizing the unutilized understorey land and degraded and blank patches of these forests, which generally remain infested with exotic weeds throughout the year leading to the underutilization of land resources.

So there is a scope for amending the policies so that agroforestry potential can be harnessed by planting native grasses, medicinal herbs, shrubs and wild fruit crops in the understorey patches of these forests with minimum disturbance to these degraded forest lands. There is also a need for a country wide review of all laws and procedures constraining agroforestry especially in the community and private forest out side the reserve forests.

I have the strong conviction that if this experiment could be carried out so successfully under such a tough terrain like a Chir pine forest then it holds promise to be replicated in the other forest lands as successful model of agroforestry.

Photo: Productivity enhancement through agroforestry in the Chir pine forest

Blogpost and photo by Dr. Chandra Shekhar Sanwal, Indian Forest Service, DCF Uttarakhand cadre (Dehradun, India) – chandra.sanwal(at)


This post is entry nr #30 in our #WCA2014 blog competition. The five blogposts with the most and highest votes will receive a signed copy of the book "Trees for Life". The most popular blogpost will get an iPad.


This blogpost received 3,852 votes, with an average score of 5 (out of a max of 5).

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111 People have left comments on this post

» Dr Mahesh Chander said: { Jan 29, 2014 - 01:01:29 }

Myself coming from the same region, just felt how nice it describes the local situation. If paid attention to what has been suggested here, it may improve the scenario. It was pleasure reading it.

» Mayank Shekhar Jha said: { Jan 29, 2014 - 09:01:58 }

It was nice to go through your blog that has been written so beautifully. I appreciate not only your scientific acumen but also the creative zeal behind it. Immensely readable. Keep it up.

» Dr Avinash Anand said: { Jan 29, 2014 - 05:01:02 }

Respected Sir,

I am Dr Avinash Anand, ex Chief Veterinary officer of Uttarkashi. Before last five years and we were able to create few success story in field of rural women empowerment and their upliftment. Subject is close to my heart and I feel may interest you too.

Lata, a village 25 kms from Uttarkashi on Gangotri road is famous these days because there I along with team of my Deptt of Animal Husbandry could convert a patch of barren Van Panchayat land of 5 hectare into a viable earning project where groupof rural women of Lata not only produce green fodder for the there animals but earn money by selling roots of Napier grass and green grass cut in small pieces.We started almost three years ago and till the date women have earned more than lakh from the land where nothing was grown. Not only this, women now are less dependent on forest for grasses. This saves them from drudgery, Group of women of Lata have become role model not only the area but whole of the state. The project is being replicated in other parts of the district and state.

To add to the financial empowerment of women of district we have initiated earning through Gaumutra. More than thirty such groups of women are selling Gaumutra of our hill cows for production of Ark to for medicinal use and thus earning a ‘Pocket Money’ from the product which was going waste and without doing much labour.

It just occurred to me to share these developments in district which in a small way freed few women of their drudgery.

With Best regards,

Dr Avinash Anand
Chief Executive Officer[CEO]
Uttarakhand Sheep and Wool Development Board [USWDB]

» Deepak said: { Jan 29, 2014 - 05:01:57 }

You are making an good impression for the future generation . Splendid way of describing the issues and policies . Hope it would impact some of our kind .

» Ramesh Thakur said: { Jan 30, 2014 - 05:01:28 }

Innovative, promising, and beneficial to the community. Kudos !

» VIJAY RATNA PANWAR said: { Jan 30, 2014 - 06:01:02 }

Dear Sir,
I want to congratulate you for being part of such important issue of our society. I believe that forest & humans were for each other from the ancient time. But the main issues were happened during the capturing of the natural resources. We the Himalayan people know that man can survive with forests without any external food, shelter, clothes & others . In such manner we all were habitual for time of our forefathers. We were dependent on forests for our shelter, food, medicine, cloths & other needs.
It was seen that wild animals & man use to live together but they never cross the rules of forests which they understand during the decade of time.
Nature itself is capable to produce everything if we are using the natural resources in a systematic manner without harming it. But our powerful people are using the maximum resources like water, forests, coal, oil, wood, medicines, core sand, animals, animals parts etc. to become more rich & powerful by hook or crook.
The result is very frightened & we are in process to lost all the nature resources very soon which will cause a danger stage for the society so far.
IRAQ WAR, AFGHANISTAN WAR, ISRAEL & PHILIPPINES WAR are some examples to capture the oil resources & others.
We the people who are serious for environment & nature, biodiversity, flora & fauna, humanity, love, education, health, equality, freedom etc. for all, must be a part of such issues.
The development should not be at the cost of forest, environment & nature.
We can not ignore the lose of the major society at the cost of the profit of some powerful people.

Let us follow the natural rules.
Let us use the natural resources in such a manner to profit the major society which should not be at the cost to harm of the environment.
Aggro-forestry is a great theme to make our needs fulfill. Forests are a great resources of everything……..
This is a mission but not only to make your carer but to make the future safe….
Keep it up sir…..
Please let us know if their is any role for us….

Thanking you
With Regards
(V R Panwar)
D.I.B.N.S., Dehradun

» sachin said: { Jan 30, 2014 - 07:01:23 }

I really appreciate the hard work you have put into this project. Wishing you all the very best for any future endeavors.

» Abhishek Ghosh said: { Jan 30, 2014 - 03:01:49 }

When the forest cover of our country is vanishing at an alarming rate, Agroforestry is one of the best solutions to improve the forest cover of the country.
Get to it Sir, all the best to you.

» Nilesh Sardar said: { Jan 30, 2014 - 04:01:21 }

Dear Chandra,

I appreciate your intent and the efforts you have put into this research. We have been reading a lot about industrialisation and deforestation from years of schooling. For a country to progress in this era not only it has to achieve per capita growth by efficient utilization of its resources but also has to ensure that this growth is inclusive and not at the behest of sacrificing the rich bio-diversity of the land. So achieving the right balance is the key for a sustainable future for any country. And your work just seems to take the right cue to take this balanced path. I wish and hope that your efforts bear fruit and policy and law makers in India work towards ensuring that a right ecosystem is created that fosters individuals like you to come up with such ideas that not only benefit humans but also preserves and enhance the nature which we live in.
Nilesh Sardar
HR Professional.

» R.Dhanapal said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 03:01:34 }

Agroforestry is best practices to reduce poverty in himalayas.your project is one of best one keep it up.

» Amit Verma said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 06:01:18 }

Nice concept has been introduced. I hope that the vast tracts of the Pine forests can be utilized. Pilot studies may be taken for the same and see how it affects the fauna and flora. If some positive changes are seen, it may be extended to Van panchayats of the state.

» VIJAY RATNA PANWAR said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 08:01:17 }

It has been written impressive. I appreciate not only your scientific acumen but also the creative zeal behind it. Please keep it up.

» yash sanghi said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 08:01:37 }

I appreciate your scientific acumen. Immensely readable. Keep it up.

» ANUJ SHARMA said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 08:01:47 }

your project is one of best one, so please keep it up

» shubam kukreti said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 08:01:39 }

I appreciate your intent and the efforts you have put into this research.

» Dr Santosh said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 08:01:50 }

I appreciate your intent and the efforts for Agroforestry that you have put into this research.

» B P Gupta said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 12:01:27 }

Dear Sanwal,
Great! Your idea is fantastic. I also vouch for increasing the productivity of the pine forests. Yet there is a bit legal hurdle as the FC ACT doesn’t allow cultivation of medicinal plants which comes under non forestry activity. But we can plant a mix of medicinal plants so as to maintain biodiversity of the area. Should you develop some such model plantations and propose them to the govt. I m sure govt will consider this.

» Nirmal said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 05:01:35 }

Good day sir.
I am Nirmal Khatri Ex-student of Dolphin Institute and now a scientist in ICAR in Agroforestry. I like very much what you have written, it is highly scientific, practical and connected to rural livelihood. But only thing I would like to mention is that the concept of agroforestry is to bring back the forest to the farm. So it is not only about enhacing the productivity of forests but agricultural land also after all ‘it is Agroforestry’. The concept in itself is still not clear and we are making boundaries which is worsening the situation I dream of a collaboration between forestry and agriculture not competition. ‘Forest’ which in latin means ‘outside the village’ has to come back into the village in the lives and hearts of people.

» puran chandra said: { Jan 31, 2014 - 05:01:22 }

nice presentation

» Dr. Koko Rose said: { Feb 1, 2014 - 04:02:13 }

I appreciate your commitment and the vision that you have for the forests and the people of our hills. My best wishes.

» Dr. Siddhartha Sen said: { Feb 1, 2014 - 02:02:24 }

Dear Dr. Sanwal, i think you have raised the right issue, which has a deep meaning and reasoning in the context of forestry. it is appreciable effort made by you but as a active member of Indian forest service. it will be nice if you able to make successful policy or fulfill the issue raised by you.
blog is made by common people and the officer has to fulfill the issue raised by common people, here you play both the role as common people and as signed officer (IFS, DCF Uttarakhand cadre), so now it is your moral duty to make success of your issue….
go ahead my dear friend….
i know you can do….

» Dr. Sen said: { Feb 1, 2014 - 03:02:15 }

hey officer.. it is very nice which you raised, but i think it is the issue raised by a boy of a small hamlet of middle himalaya. now that boy become officer of Indian Forest Service… so what solve the problem????

» sunny choudhary said: { Feb 1, 2014 - 05:02:26 }

this is really an excellent idea was pleasure reading your blog sir.the idea which you have proposed is practical and backed with scientific evidences

» suhail bashir said: { Feb 2, 2014 - 08:02:34 }

Gd aftrnoon sir….
Being a student of such a creative and ideological mind is a great pleasure for me…sir your hard work will alwyz pay….

» Nitish Mani Tripathi said: { Feb 2, 2014 - 01:02:00 }

Wonderful blog Dr Sanwal. I appreciate your attempts to revive the economy of the hills through agroforestry. Your contribution in the field of agroforestry will make you the role model not only for this generation but for the generations to come. I think this much is enough.

» DSM said: { Feb 3, 2014 - 05:02:45 }

Dear C S Sanwal,

This is an excellent effort. I appreciate your intent and zeal. Agro-forestry is flourishing well in the parts of Western UP, J&K,HR and HP. Dear sir, i think there is a gape between the agroforestry and economy especially in the hills of UK, in such circumstances your effort will certainly help the poor farmers in hills.

» yash sanghi said: { Feb 3, 2014 - 09:02:09 }

Great Sir. Keep it up

» Justine Mwanje said: { Feb 3, 2014 - 11:02:40 }

This is truly innovative, because it enhances the economic value of the forest to local communities. You may consider planting nitrogen-fixing grasses, as well. Also, I am interested in the effect of the grasses on natural regeneration. Best wishes.

» mayank shekhar jha said: { Feb 3, 2014 - 12:02:47 }

The more I read, the less I understand! I mean not the content but the man behind such work of herculean proportions. Dr. Sanwal I salute your courage to take up this work ona war footing. I have been reading this prodigious blog daily before going to bed. It keeps me grounded and reminds me that there are some demi gods out there amongst us lesser mortals. Do you remember a great personality once said that there are only two things that he fears most…..the god almighty and the might of Dr. Sanwal!

» Dr. Vinay Bhargav said: { Feb 3, 2014 - 01:02:26 }

Nice analysis done Shekhar. I often ponder over the importance of developing the “market linkages for revenue generation” efforts done to improve livelihood security to ensure long-term impact and sustainability.
Best wishes,

» Dr. Reena Joshi said: { Feb 3, 2014 - 03:02:09 }

Great attempt Sanwal Sir….. Keep it up

» harendra singh bohara said: { Feb 3, 2014 - 05:02:19 }

i am also from uttarakhand and issued raised by u will surely helpful for should include in the agro- forestry policy.

» VRS RAWAT said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 02:02:41 }

A wonderful experiment with a novel idea. The experiment has the potential exploit these forests sustainable manner and will provide financial incentives to the marginalised communities in the Himalayan region. Chir forests are already an eye sore among some environmentalists. Growing hebs/shrubs in the understorey will check soil erosion and will improve nutrient cycling in these forests

» R C Mishra said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 04:02:32 }

Sir as we know the forests are control soil erosion, provide fuel wood, break the force of wind thereby prevent the removal of top soil particles, provide oxygen , shelter for various animals, cools the environment and helps in maintaining ecological balance and controls global warming and pollution. Your findings will be very helpful to rural peoples. They can increase their annual income by growing medicinal plants likes Lemon, Sweet basil, Akarkara, Kaunch, Ashwagandha, Kantkari and Kalmegh. Medicinal plants themselves have its importance to cures human diseases. Sir so we can say your study is “SONE PE SUHAGA”
Well done Sir….. Keep it up.

» Dr Shailendra K Dwivedi said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 04:02:02 }

Dear Dr Chandra Shekhar
Forestry is faced with the challenge of meeting an increasing demand for goods, as well as for an expanding array of services, like clean water, soil conservation, and wildlife habitat, from a fixed or shrinking land base. Solutions that balance forestry with the sustainability of other sectors, like agriculture and communities, are needed. Agroforestry, the deliberate cultivation of trees or other woody plants with crops or pasture for multiple benefits, is an important category of planted forests that has the potential to provide farmers, communities, and society-at-large with a wide array of forest-related goods and services. Agroforestry can complement forestry sector efforts in sustainable forest management by providing a set of tree-based conservation and production practices for agricultural lands. Some important sustainability issues on which agroforestry can assist forestry are: biological diversity, wood and non-timber products, ecosystem integrity, soil and water quality, terrestrial carbon storage, and socioeconomic benefits. The ecological foundation for agroforestry lies in the structural and functional diversity the plantings create at both the site and landscape levels. To realize agroforestry’s capability to provide multiple services to land users and society, tools that meld regional-, landscape- and site-scale concerns can be used to deploy a variety of practices across the landscape in strategic spatial arrangements. GIS-coordinated land-use suitability assessments can assist in identifying critical problem areas and desired future conditions and, along with other site level tools, generate design alternatives that integrate farmer and societal objectives.

Congrates and Keep this up..

» Dr SK Dwivedi said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 04:02:58 }

Dear Friend
Integrating trees and shrubs with other enterprises on a farm can create additional sources of income,
spread farm labor throughout the year, and increase the productivity of those other enterprises—all
while protecting soil, water, and wildlife. Such “agroforestry” systems include alleycropping, silvopasture,
windbreaks, forest farming for nontimber forest products, and riparian buffer strips. While they
clearly offer economic and ecological advantages, these agroforestry systems also involve complex
interactions that complicate their management. When designing an agroforestry enterprise, you should
research the marketing possibilities and include the agroforestry system in the total business plan for
the farm. This publication presents an overview of common agroforestry practices, evaluating and
planning considerations, marketing opportunities, several case studies, and an extensive list of further
resources. New opportunities related to climate change include renewable-energy production and the
potential for earning carbon credits.

Congrates to you and Team.

Kind Regards,

SK Dwivedi
Amity University, NOIDA

» Sanjeev verma said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 06:02:00 }

Due to increased population of earth and industrialization all over the over world, we need to feed the whole population, so we need to deforestation for agriculture. Deforestration leads to environmental changes, global warming, rise in sea water, melting of glaciers, soil erosion, floods unusual shift of climates. Agroforestry is the one of the of the alternative approach to reduce the change in environmental issues. By combining agriculture and forestry; by cropping legumes plants along with fodder plant can enhance the the productivity of the fodder plants as well as legumes plants. Legume plants can act as a good source of which act as a good source of nitrogen to the soil and mobilize the the forest also like fodder plants,

» A.S.Bisht said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 09:02:07 }

I appreciate this work,

» prakash lakhchaura said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 12:02:17 }

Excellent idea CS. Fully agreed with you and appreciate your concern for poor hilly people with limited resources. Agroforestry is definitely going to help people of Uttarakhand to raise their income at the same time hazards from chir pine forest are going to be minimised. Keep it and all the best.

» Sandhya Goswami said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 01:02:16 }

Dear sir, your writing skills made the blog reading very interesting. I strongly believe that agroforestry has immense potential when it comes to the sustainable use of natural resources. To harvest this potential in a right way such experiments are needed, so that we can have information on right combinations of tree and crop components along with its acceptability by the land owners. Until acceptability is not achieved we can not say that the system is a success. Hence, more and more work is to be done to give successful agroforestry models.
I congratulate you Sir.

» sridhar said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 03:02:15 }

Surely we can protect forests by promoting agroforestry

» HASEEB MASOODI said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 04:02:24 }

The concept is really innovative. I really appreciate the hard work you have put into this project. Wishing you all the very best for future endeavors.

» Himanshu chauhan said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 05:02:44 }

It’s gr8…

» mayank shekhar jha said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 05:02:50 }

The forests of Tons near about Purola are known all over Uttarakhand for their richness and exuberance in chir pines. I hope that this experiment can be replicated there too.

» pramod lakra said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 06:02:33 }

It was worth going through the article. Expecting to implement some small intervention likes the one you have mentioned. This could help the life of some soul with whom I am working. Best wishes and expecting great results from by the work carried out with you. My best wishes and regards.

» Vivek Verma said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 06:02:18 }

Dr CS Sanwal has came out with a great endeavour at a time when there is rampant Forest degradation due to various reasons. Forest productivity is being heard of since decades but nothing concrete has been observed till date. Delighted to go through above piece of writing.

» Dhananjai Mohan said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 06:02:03 }

Truly innovative. Would definitely require major policy shifts if extended to most forests of the country. Would increase peoples’ stake in forest conservation. Needs to be practiced. Nice work, keep it up.

» Tulsi Das said: { Feb 4, 2014 - 06:02:48 }

Dr Sanwal
It is very good articles and your research paper. You have integrated Human life with Plant nicely. Our culture also say the same things.

» Saket Badola said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 12:02:23 }

Dear Dr. Sanwal,
Congratulations for a well analysed and nicely written article. Frankly speaking, this project, if implemented properly has the potential to immensely improve the rural economy of Uttarakhand and many other hilly states. Keep up the good work n let’s try to apply this study in field.

» Rinchen Wangchuk said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 04:02:35 }

Dear Dr.Sanwal,
Great to hear that you are making a great contribution to your country, people and the region and globe at large through your immeasurable knowledge and practical experiences in Agroforestry science and applications.
Go ahead with your inspirational endeavour.

All the best of luck and good wishes from Bhutan.
We will be joining you in the successful result celebration.

Rinchen (Forest Officer)

» arun rawat said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 05:02:23 }

The concept is innovative in support with livelihood programme

» arun rawat said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 05:02:55 }

The proposal is well deined in the line of increasing productivity per unit area with income generation of rural mass

» K.K.Pandey said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 06:02:10 }

nice Work Sir

» Anil Bala AD FSI NAGPUR said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 06:02:43 }

Dear Sir,

Plz accept my best wishes for ur sincere efforts for ur thought provoking article on d subject.

Anil Biala, Asstt. Director, FSI, NAGPUR

» ganesh nautiyal said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:46 }

very nice presantion

» satish kumar said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:59 }

It is very good articles and your research paper

» shivaputra research scholar agroforestry said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:31 }

productivity enhancement study is an urgent need of the society and for also imp for socioeconomic improvement of forest dwellers. good work. good luck

» Dr. Dinesh Tiwari said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:34 }

This is good idea and this will helpful for local community.

» Dr Ratan Kumar said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:07 }

This study is definitely very beneficial for the state which has around 64% forest cover. Commendable task! Congrats!

» Sunny Sharma said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:11 }

your project is really a dream project, so keep it up

» Manish Kumar said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:57 }

the concept of this project is so nice .

» Dr Sanjai K Dwivedi, Scientist DRDO, Delhi said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:02 }

Dear Dr Sanwal,

Very good initiative.
Encourage indigenous fruit bearing woody and non woody wealth.

» Neenu Somaraj said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:19 }

Great thought indeed. This is a value addition to the existing resources which could be utilized sustain ably by the locals. It is truly a win- win approach of people’s forestry..

» sunil prajapati said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:32 }

very good keep it up

» priyadarshani kumari said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:18 }

concept is really productive and remarkable for us .

» priyadarshani kumari said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 08:02:11 }

very good

» Anup Raj said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 09:02:09 }

A nicely written account of meticulously conducted trial which I had witnessed during my stay at the Nauni Campus. Keep it up.

» sebi p thomas said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 09:02:35 }

I really appreciate the hard work you have put into this project. Wishing you all the very best for future.

» Gaurav Sharma said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 10:02:22 }

A great article! It is truly gratifying to see that passionate nature lovers like you with deep knowledge of the flora and fauna are serving as IFS officers… Our country’s precious natural reserves will definitely be protected and conserved with capable officers like you. Good luck for your future endeavors…

» Ravindra Mani Tripathi IFS said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 10:02:10 }

Dear Dr Sanwal
really innovative …..

» Dr. K S Pant said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 10:02:56 }

The work carried out by the Dr. C S Sanwal is an excellent work and offered great opportunity for the policy maker, researcher and planner to integrate grasses and different medicinal and aromatic plants like Ocimum, Akarkra, Kalmegh etc. under chir pine story. The Silvi medicinal system developed by the researcher will improve the fertility status of degraded land and also generate additional revenue to the department and rural masses. The research carried out by the researcher will also check soil erosion, fire hazards and spreading of ab-noxious weed under chir pine.

» Nabanita Ganguly said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 10:02:44 }

It made a good and interesting read, Sanwal.Your work is praiseworthy and given an opportunity of policy-inclusion will help diversify livelihood options for our hill brethren. Thanks for sharing and best wishes.

» Vedpal singh said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 10:02:03 }

Definitely,it is a very good & appreciable project to increase the forest cover through agro forestry. Wishing you all the best for your great thought.

» Monika yadav said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 12:02:50 }

We all appreciate your work and your thinking towards are environment . Well done keep it up

» Sandeep Sehgal said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 02:02:14 }

Excellent work! Agroforestry as I know is trees outside the forest. Forests in India are a state subject. So, if people living near the forests are involved in growing understory crops, can bring a revolution not only in India but entire South East Asia as the topographic as well as administrative conditions are almost the same. Very well thought. Resources are there, we have to just manage them.

» tarun said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 03:02:40 }

if one want to make his/her life more magnificent and resourceful, than one has to know the life cycle of a tree…..!!!!! save tree save life.
sir, Great job and i think this is best way to promote the greenery…..

» abhishek sharma said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 03:02:58 }

well done dear…quite fruitful and local need based initiative that will facilitate the livelihood of the people of that region..

» shreshtha nand said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 03:02:24 }

this is really appreciable concept sir and you are going in the right direction. what you have done in the academics this is the best time to apply in the field. i know your hard work behind this paper. so keep it sir. my best wishes are with you.

» B L Negi DCF Kullu said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 03:02:45 }

the forests of western Himalayas are interspersed throughout the tract and are honeycombed by patches of cultivation and burdened with full of biotic pressure. therefore to combat the biotic pressure from natural forest resources through agro-forestry with appropriate involvement and cooperation of stakeholders pursuance of the Constitution 73rd Amendment, 1992 and Articles 48 A and 51 A (g) of the Constitution of India. Efforts taken by the Dr. Chandra Shekhar Sanwal is appreciable.

» Ravi kumar singh said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 04:02:45 }

An excellent scientific study on Agroforestry to provide extra income for farmer, to sink more carbon for longer period, to reduce pressure over natural forests, and to match reqiured tree cover..

» kirubashankkar said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 04:02:16 }

Improving the forest cover and productivity is the need of the hour. This article shows us how it could be achieved. Well done..

» rakesh kumar said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 04:02:04 }

I rakesh kumar pursuing in plant Pathology Final yeAR student from Govind ballabh Pant university of Agriculture and technology, PANTNAGAR, UTTARAKHAND.
not only a uttarakhand as current disaster was come in 2013 also India n if we talk about the Global level ultimately we loss the our nature ecosystem day by day as we developing and suffer from many chronical diseases. we always hear landsliding,earthquack, psunami, flood etc. in different parts of country this type of problems. the question is that why is this happen what is the actual reason behind all of these The nature Law tell’ s if you destroy me I punish you no one can be left by the nature we all know as you sow as you reap. so, save nature by growing the tree n makes a Green uttarakhand, green India polluted free area in the world and save the biodiversity of forest region .Forests are one of the most important biomes on earth. They provide a wide range of “ecosystem services,” from watershed protection and carbon absorption to renewable energy and timber production.
Important reservoirs of plant and animal biodiversity in locations ranging from China to Latin America and many places in between, forests provide key components of the environmental, social and economic well-being of societies around the world. A good idea also by growing the medicinal plant we can get a lot of medicine then we improve our pharmaceutical’s condition and provide a cheap and best treatment.
This is a very best innovative action to augment the productivity of hill areas n I wish u a very all the best.

» rakesh kumar said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 05:02:20 }


» Dr. Sushma said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 05:02:56 }

Dr. Sanwal,
I appreciate your efforts towards Agroforestry as this can surely change the present scenario of our country if it is put to practice in real terms.
The best part of your research which I feel the policy makers should take to their notice is that in general Agroforestry practices are designed for agriculture fields and farmers are encouraged to apply it to their field. Ground reality is that most of our farmers are small farmers and hence are not ready to undertake the risk. The efforts taken thus are not to that success as much as it is expected to be.
Here your research can play a vital role as it direct that the similar approach can be applied to the forest where forest floor is either filled with obnoxious weeds or wasted as uderstorey of Pinus. To exercise this approach under forest area is not possible until the Govt. and policy makers undertake and acknowledge it to their prime concern.

» rakesh said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 06:02:18 }

respected sir

This is excellent artical for the protection of flora and fauna of the uttarakhand and also people get the resources for their livlihood.

» preeti said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 06:02:38 }

A wonderful artical really it is good for the himalayan hill region really you did the hard work and i wish u a very all best for the conservation of the nature…..

» KARAN SHARMA said: { Feb 5, 2014 - 06:02:14 }

Respected sir,
I properly read this artical and i salute you sir for this artical it is very best for hilly region in hill areas need a such type a development and innovative ideas for the development of all hilly areas. it provide the timber, fuel, medicine, and a new job faculty. also we can improve our import and export in the trade market at global level. a lot of things we take from the hill areas but need to do a hard work n creative things , their is lot of scope for young youth.

» Dr. R.P. Dwivedi, Jhansi, India said: { Feb 6, 2014 - 05:02:03 }

yes, agroforestry is the solution to enhance the forest productivity.

» Dr Yogesh Gairola said: { Feb 6, 2014 - 09:02:03 }

I have been studying the Himalayan area for past 6 years as an researcher and found that it needs to look over the matter like decentralization of local economy, forest as well as village ecosystem conservation, development issues etc in a holistic way definitely agroforestry may contribute as a part of it. hope you will move ahead with the vision as a technocrat to these issue. best of your efforts.

» Dr. Manmohan J R Dobriyal said: { Feb 6, 2014 - 11:02:40 }

Dr. C S Sanwal
Chirpine is major tree cover in mid Himalayas but ecologist sorrow and fire curse made it supportive tree. Tough efforts made to utilise its leaf needle and replacement of species with wattles in Ranikhet division but nothing tried for intercropping beneath its canopy. I think you rightly focused on the inter cropping/ understorey management in chir pine through introducing medicinal herbs. Good approach. Hopes for better–result

» Ankush Teshwar said: { Feb 6, 2014 - 12:02:47 }

I think Agroforestry is the most important weapon that can fulfill the demand of forest services and must be applicable to all aspects specially in the areas with less forest cover. It will be a great effort for the support to our natural forest, So all the very best Respected Sir.

» a.k. uniyal said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 05:02:46 }

appreciable nock, try to make it fruitful

» KESHAV SANGHI (ADVOCATE) said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 10:02:18 }

yes, agroforestry is the solution to enhance the forest productivity

» Amit Anand said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 10:02:15 }

Dear Dr Chandra Shekhar
I think During the last five decades, since independence, much of the efforts were directed towards the physical accessibility of food. In the 21st century, ecological access to food might become the most important challenge raising threats towards the existence of mankind. India is one of the 12 mega-diversity areas in the world, and biodiversity constitutes 5 per cent and it is about 2.4% of global land area. This is not a matter of rejoice as because deforestation is also taking place at a rate of 1.5 million ha every year. As a result, serious genetic erosion is taking place wiping out wide varieties of flora and fauna. In addition, extensive and intensive cultivation of crops also resulted in degradation of biodiversity. The biodiversity degradation has intern created multidimensional and multifold problems in the system. All these intern affected the socio-economic and ecological balance of the country. This phenomena made the policy maker and implementers to take appropriate corrective measures. Localized efforts as well as nation wide campaign were started in this regard. Agroforestry emerged as the soul of biodiversity conservation. Agroforestry, essentially a mixed cropping system, implies co-existance of farm and forests which can achieve both natural resources and socio-economic sustainability. Therefore, a research study was undertaken in Karnataka and Kerala, India to know the farmers’ perception towards agroforestry, farmers’ attitude towards agroforestry and adoption behaviour of agroforestry practices and its impact on socio, economic and ecological sustainability.

Good keep this up

» DEEPAK SANGHI said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 10:02:20 }

appreciable nock

» BHIM KURUKSHETRA said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 10:02:21 }


» John Miracle said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 10:02:20 }

Dear Dr Sanwal
You are doing well
Keep this up

My best wishes with you


» Dwivedi said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 10:02:13 }

Dear friend chandra Shekhar
in my opinion agroforestry is the field which can give you a broad spectrum to uplift the socio economic status of the rural peoples. Government must took serious initiative to uplift the agroforestry system.


» KARAN SHARMA said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 04:02:15 }

Best idea to improve climatic condition.

» dr j. kumar said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 04:02:39 }

THIS artical is the best artical so keep on uplift.

» SHAKTIMAAN said: { Feb 7, 2014 - 05:02:35 }

Nice artical wish u all d best.

» Vigya said: { Feb 8, 2014 - 05:02:54 }

Sir, you have explained the issues of priority concern in a very impressive way. Best of luck

» RAHEEL ANWAR LONE said: { Feb 8, 2014 - 12:02:09 }


» Jyothi Krishnan said: { Feb 8, 2014 - 02:02:39 }


» harendra singh bohara said: { Feb 8, 2014 - 05:02:04 }

really sir your way of presentation is very nice and inspiring

» sridhar said: { Feb 8, 2014 - 07:02:46 }

Definitely we can enhance the prodctivity

» Jitender Ahlawat said: { Feb 9, 2014 - 03:02:09 }

A very good scientific paper and have practical application..

» Bimlesh Kumar Pandey said: { Feb 9, 2014 - 05:02:40 }

Dear Friend, Sanwal Jee

I appreciate this work, My Best Wishes with you.

» Bimlesh Kumar Pandey said: { Feb 9, 2014 - 05:02:29 }

Dear Friend, Sanwal Jee
I appreciate this work, My Best Wishes with you.

» Dr. Champak Chooza said: { Feb 11, 2014 - 05:02:14 }

I have been working as a self styled environmental activist for the last 50 odd years and this is one of the best scientific papers that i have come across dealing with agro-forestry in the recent past. Kudos to your spirit!

» c s sanwal said: { Feb 12, 2014 - 03:02:10 }

I personally thank each one of you for sparing precious time out of your busy schedule and writing the important comment for cause of Agro-forestry , which i will always remember. Thank you very much.

With regards,
Chandra Shekhar Sanwal

Vigyan Bhavan & Kempinski Ambience

10 - 14 February 2014 Delhi, India
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